Atlar ve Fareler Neden Kusamaz?

Atlar ve Fareler kusamaz
Atlar ve Fareler kusamaz


Bu yazımızda atlar ve fareler in neden kusamadıklarını öğreneceğiz.

Atlar ve fareler diğer canlılara göre sindirim sistemleri farklılık gösterir. Atlarda safra kesesi yoktur. Bu yüzden atların karaciğerinde üretilen safra direk ince bağırsa akar ve yağların sindiriminde yardımcı olur. Atlar geviş getiremeyen bir hayvandır. Atların midesi vücuduna oranla çok küçük olduğu için yedikleri yemler ve diğer şeyler uzun süre midelerinde kalmaz. Atların yedikleri şeyler midesinde sadece 15 dakika kalır. Mideden giden yem maddelerin yaklaşık otuz ile altmış dakika kaldığı ve çoğu besinin emildiği kısımdır. Bu besinler; proteinler (aminoasitler), A,D,E ve K vitaminleri, kalsiyum, fosfor, nişasta ve şeker ile birlikte diğer

Atlar ve Fareler neden kusamaz?
Atlar ve Fareler neden kusamaz?

mineralleri de kapsar. Yulaf, arpa ve mısır gibi karbonhidrat (nişasta ve şeker) bakımından fazla olan tane yemler de atların bu kısmında sindirilir. Bu nedenle atların önlerinde sürekli yiyecekleri olması gerekir. Atların midelerinin yemek borusuyla özel olarak bağlandığı için atlar kusamazlar. Eğer atlar kusma eğilimi gösterirler ise ya hastalanacaklardır  ya  da öleceklerdir.


Kusma eylemi, diyafram kasları kontrolü ile çok yakından ilgilidir. İnsanlar ve diğer canlıların çoğu diyafram kaslarını kontrol edebilecek yeteneğe sahip olduklarından kusma eylemini geçekleştirirler. Kusmak, midenin olası zehirli ve yabancı olan maddelerin hızlı bir şekilde vücuttan atılmasını sağlar. Bu şekilde zehirlenme olasılığının da önüne geçmesi bakımından da hayati role sahiptir. Fakat fareler, diğer canlıların kontrol edebildiği diyafram kaslarını kontrol edemezler. Bu yüzden kusamazlar. Ayrıca farelerin iki midesi vardır ve bu iki midenin arasında bir zar vardır. Bu zar ile fareler hem kusamazlar hem de geğiremezler. Bu sebeptendir ki zehirli fare yemleri ile fareyi tuzağa düşürüp öldürmek oldukça kolaydır. Çünkü fareler bu zehirli yemleri yediklerinde kusamazlar. Bu yüzden zehirin etkisinden kurtulamayıp ölürler. Sonuç olarak fareler hem diyafram kaslarını kontrol edemediği için hem de iki midesinin arasında bulunan bir zar yüzünden kusamazlar.

Bu yazımızda atlar ve farelerin neden kusma sorunu olduğunu öğrendik.


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